Okay, so what is Climate change then?
Climate change is a change in the usual weather found in a place. This could be a change in how much rain a place usually gets in a year. Or it could be a change in a place’s usual temperature for a month or season.
Climate change is also a change in Earth’s climate. This could be a change in Earth’s usual temperature. Or it could be a change in where rain and snow usually fall on Earth.
Weather can change in just a few hours. Climate takes hundreds or even millions of years to change.
Why are so many people talking about it all of a sudden?
Climate change has become the catch-all term for the shift in worldwide weather phenomena and an increase in global average temperatures.
Temperatures have been going up around the world for many decades and (referred to as ‘Global Warming’). Climate Change is the effect of such increases in temperatures.
Why are things so different now and why are people so worried?
The Earth’s average temperature moves up and down naturally, but it has been increasing more rapidly than it usually does.
This change is impacting on the planet’s environment – which is everything natural around us; rivers, trees, plants, animals…basically, all living things.
But it is not only the temperature that matters, it’s the speed at which it is rising. Since the Industrial Revolution, when humans started creating factories and machines to make lots of products quickly and cheaply, the planet’s environment has changed dramatically.
What are we doing to cause this?
It is a fact that human activity is the main contributor to Climate Change. Here are the main causes.
Waste: This is the big one. As a global nation, we simply produce a massive amount of waste and the earth just has no place to put it all. Plastic, packaging, household waste, food waste – where can it possible all go? Into our land and our oceans unfortunately.
Burning Fossil Fuels: (oil, coal and gas) has taken place for decades to power factories and transportation. This releases harmful chemicals into the atmosphere.
Deforestation: This is the cutting down of trees and forests to make room for bigger cities and places to graze cattle as our demand for beef has increased.
Population growth: As more and more people inhabit the earth, there is more an more pressure put on the planet to feed, house and clothe these extra people. in 1960 (not that long ago!), there were 3 billion people living in the world. Today, there are over 7 billion.